¿Cuánto se conoce acerca de la diversidad genética del mosquito tigre? Una revisión sistemática

  • Oscar Alexander Aguirre Obando Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Mário Antônio Navarro Silva Universidade Federal do Paraná

Resumen

 Introducción: Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1894) es un vector para los virus del dengue y chicunguña en la naturaleza, junto con cerca de 24 arbovirus en condiciones de laboratorio. El conocimiento de la diversidad genética de los insectos vectores es fundamental para el control eficaz y la eliminación de enfermedades transmitidas por estos.  Objetivo: Aquí se determinó el escenario actual de la diversidad genética en poblaciones naturales de A. albopictus a través de una revisión sistemática.  Metodología: Se pudieron establecer los primeros registros y distribución de las poblaciones de A. albopictus en el mundo, así como su diversidad genética, estructura genética poblacional y marcadores moleculares utilizados para determinar su diversidad genética.  Resultados: A. albopictus  se distribuye en todo el mundo con poblaciones genéticamente estructuradas y baja diversidad; Sin embargo, el 89,5% de la diversidad genética conocida se basa en el uso de RFLP, aloenzimas, isoenzimas y marcadores moleculares mitocondriales que presentan problemas significativos según la literatura. Una vez obtenidos los resultados, se realizó un análisis crítico y se detectaron deficiencias existentes. Conclusión:  El conocimiento actual de la diversidad genética de A. albopictus se basa en arcadores genéticos que presentan problemas significativos  reportados en la literatura; Por lo tanto, los programas de control de vectores dirigidos a las poblaciones de A. albopictus  pueden verse comprometidos


Palabras clave: Aedes albopictus, Marcadores moleculares, Flujo genético

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Publicado
2017-07-03
Cómo citar
AGUIRRE OBANDO, Oscar Alexander; NAVARRO SILVA, Mário Antônio. ¿Cuánto se conoce acerca de la diversidad genética del mosquito tigre? Una revisión sistemática. REVISTA SALUD UIS, [S.l.], v. 49, n. 3, p. 422-437, jul. 2017. ISSN 2145-8464. Disponible en: <http://vie.uis.edu.co/index.php/revistasaluduis/article/view/6646>. Fecha de acceso: 21 sep. 2017 doi: https://doi.org/10.18273/revsal.v49n3-2017001.
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